Jubail and Yanbu
Jubail and Yanbu
Jubail and Yanbu constitute a unique experiment in development which has proved outstandingly successful. These are two cities which were conceived on the drawing board and were planned to provide a purpose-built and highly efficient environment for modern industrial production.
These industrial complexes, built at Jubail on the Arabian Gulf and Yanbu on the Red Sea by the Royal Commission for Jubail and Yanbu, are the key to the Kingdom’s national industrialization plans. These two industrial cities provide the basis for the Kingdom’s program to develop hydrocarbon-based and energy intensive industries. The massive investment in these industrial cities has as its major objective a reduction in the Kingdom’s dependence on oil revenues by gaining access to the world’s petrochemical markets. This route to industrialization exploits the Kingdom’s natural advantages, in terms of cheap energy and cheap raw materials for petrochemical manufacture
Jubail and Yanbu: Location
Jubail, one of the twin industrial cities of Jubail and Yanbu and the first to see construction start, is located on the Arabian Gulf, north west of Dammam.
Yanbu is located on the Red Sea coast, 350 km north of Jiddah, close to Yanbu al-Bahar, a fishing center since antiquity and a point of entry and departure for pilgrims performing Hajj.
Jubail and Yanbu:
The East-West Pipeline As part of the Kingdom’s determination to optimize its energy resources, the Royal Commission for Jubail and Yanbu implemented a two stage project to conserve and then exploit the Kingdom’s enormous reserves of natural gas in the eastern region.
First, the Royal Commission established a vast network to gather and process natural gas in the industrial city of Jubail.
Then it proceeded with the construction of a double pipeline, running from east to west across the Kingdom to transport oil and gas from Jubail to Yanbu in order to supply energy for the many industrial projects which Yanbu undertook and to facilitate the export of these energy products from the Red Sea coast. The pipeline which runs for 730 miles (1,170 km) was completed in 1982.
Jubail Desalination Pipeline Project
Two pipelines 290 miles long (466 km) have been built to bring water from the desalination facilities in Jubail to Riyadh. These pipelines have a total daily capacity of 210 million gallons.
This project, commissioned in 1983, is typical of the innovative and ambitious manner in which the Kingdom has tackled the challenges it has faced.