Fiercest fighting in days hits Kobane

Smoke rises from an explosion in the Syrian town of Kobane, as seen from the Turkish border on October 18, 2014.

Smoke rises from an explosion in the Syrian town of Kobane, as seen from the Turkish border on October 18, 2014.

The heaviest fighting in days rocked the Syrian border town of Kobane overnight as Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) militants attacked Kurdish defenders with mortars and car bombs, local sources and a monitoring group said on Sunday.

ISIS, which controls much of Syria and Iraq, fired 44 mortars at Kurdish parts of the town on Saturday, with some of the shells falling inside on bordering Turkey, according to the British-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, which added that four more mortars were fired on Sunday.

Video posted online Saturday allegedly shows a brigade aligned with the Free Syrian Army claiming to have taken control of parts of Kobane.

The video allegedly shows members of the “Northern Sun Battalion” of the “1st Dawn Brigade,” an FSA group, inside the industrial sector of the town that borders Turkey.

The month-long battle for Kobane has ebbed and flowed. A week ago, Kurds said the town would soon fall. Meanwhile, the United States and its coalition partners then stepped up air strikes on ISIS, which wants to take Kobane in order to strengthen its position in northern Syria.

The coalition has been bombing ISIS targets in Iraq since August and extended the campaign to Syria in September after ISIS, a group that espouses a rigid interpretation of Islam and initially fought Syrian President Bashar al-Assad’s forces, made huge territorial gains.

Raids on ISIS around Kobane have been stepped up, with the fate of the town seen as an important test for U.S. President Barack Obama’s campaign against the Islamists.

Reluctant

NATO member Turkey, whose forces are ranged along the border overlooking Kobane, is reluctant to intervene. It insists the allies should also confront Assad to end Syria’s civil war, which has killed close to 200,000 people since March 2011.

“We had the most intense clashes in days, perhaps a week, last night. (ISIS) attacked from three different sides including the municipality building and the market place,” said Abdulrahman Gok, a journalist in Kobane.

“Clashes did not stop until the morning. We have had an early morning walk inside the city and have seen lots of damaged cars on the streets and unexploded mortar shells,” he said.

The Observatory reported two ISIS car bombs hit Kurdish positions on Saturday evening, leading to casualties. A cloud of black smoke towered over Kobane on Sunday.

A fighter from one of the female units of the main Syrian Kurdish militia in Kobane, YPG, said Kurdish fighters were able to detonate the car bombs before they reached their targets.

“Last night there were clashes all across Kobane … this morning the clashes are still ongoing,” she said, speaking on condition of anonymity.

No confirmation

The Observatory said 70 ISIS fighters had been killed in the past two days, according to sources at the hospital in the nearby town of Tel Abyab, where ISIS bodies are taken. Reuters cannot independently confirm the reports due to security restrictions.

The Observatory said some Syrian Arab fighters from the Revolutionaries of Raqqa Brigade, who are fighting alongside Kurdish fighters, had executed two ISIS captives.

“One was a child of around 15 years old. They shot them in the head,” he said.

ISIS have also used executions throughout their campaigns in Syria and Iraq, killing hundreds of enemy combatants and civilians who oppose their cause, according to ISIS videos and statements.

Welat Omer, a doctor caring for the few remaining civilians in Kobane, told Reuters by telephone that he was looking after 15 patients, including children and the elderly.

“We need medicine, including antibiotics and milk for the children, and medicine for the elderly, who have heart conditions, diabetes and high blood pressure,” Omer said.

Hundreds of thousands have fled ISIS’s advance. Turkey hosts about 1.5 million Syrian refugees, including almost 200,000 Syrian Kurds from Kobane.

Ankara has refused to rearm beleaguered Kurdish fighters, who complain they are at huge disadvantage in the face of ISIS’s weaponry, much of it seized from the Iraqi military when the militants took the city of Mosul in June.

Suspicions

Turkey views the YPG with suspicion for its long-standing links with the Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK), which has waged a 30-year armed campaign for self-rule in Turkey.

President Recep Tayyip Erdogan was quoted in the Turkish media on Sunday as saying Ankara will never arm the YPG through its political wing, the PYD.

“There has been talk of arming the PYD to establish a front here against ISIS. For us, the PYD is the same as the PKK, it’s a terrorist organisation,” he was quoted as saying.

This stance has sparked outrage among Turkey’s own Kurds, who make up about 20 percent of the population. Riots in several cities earlier this month killed left than 35 people dead.

Appreciation

In a call with Erdogan on Saturday night, Obama expressed appreciation for Turkey hosting over a million refugees, including thousands from Kobane.

“The two leaders pledged to continue to work closely together to strengthen cooperation against ISIL (ISIS),” the White House said.

Obama’s approach to ISIS has drawn fire from his political opponents at home.

“We have dropped a bomb here and a missile there, but it has been a photo-op foreign policy,” U.S. Senator Ted Cruz of Texas, a Republican and a potential presidential candidate in 2016, said on CNN’s “State of the Union” show.

He criticized Obama for delays in aiding Kurdish fighters in desperate need of weapons and assistance.

Kurdish people watch the Syrian town of Kobane, also known as Ain al-Arab, from the Turkish border in the southeastern village of Mursitpinar, Sanliurfa province, on October 18, 2014.

Kurdish people watch the Syrian town of Kobane, also known as Ain al-Arab, from the Turkish border in the southeastern village of Mursitpinar, Sanliurfa province, on October 18, 2014.

 
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